National data on the mental health of Australian workers provides a mixed pattern over the last 20 years, however some concerning trends have emerged in the recent decade, particularly among younger workers.
In the last 10 years, workers aged 18 to 34 have begun reporting worse mental health symptoms, which has spiked during the COVID-19 period. Around 15 per cent of young workers were reporting high levels of psychological distress in 2017. That figure doubled to more than 30 per cent during the pandemic.
The findings come in a new white paper by the Black Dog Institute, called “Modern work: how changes to the way we work are impacting Australians’ mental health,” looks at the changing world of work over the last 20 years and its impacts on our workforce.
Black Dog Institute researchers looked at three sources of evidence to explore changes in workers’ mental health:
- Mental health-related incapacity claims and benefits
- Nationally representative data capturing levels of mental health symptoms
- Suicide mortality data
Changes In Mental Health-Related Work Injury Claims and Incapacity Benefits
While the rate of mental health-related workers’ compensation claims has remained relatively stable recently, data from the past two decades shows people are taking significantly more time off work due to incapacitating mental health conditions.
The average amount of time taken off work for these claims increased by 86% between 2000 and 2017,
and from 11.2 to 20.8 working weeks.
The most common reasons for work-related mental stress in Australia were work pressure (31%), work-related harassment and/or bullying (27%) and workplace violence (14%).
While the overall number of Australians receiving a Disability Support Pension (DSP) for any reason decreased between 2001–2019, the proportion of Disability Support Pension benefits being received for mental health conditions has increased by 57% since 2001.
Notably, in 2011 mental health conditions surpassed musculoskeletal/connective tissue conditions as the most common reason for people claiming the benefit, and by December 2020, the number of working-aged people aged 16-64 claiming a DSP for a mental health condition was more than 246,000.
Changes In Reported Levels Of Mental Health Symptoms
There is little evidence that the working population of Australia as a whole has become substantially less mentally well in the two decades prior to the onset of the pandemic. However, in the last 10 years, there has been a decline, particularly among young workers aged under 25 years. This age group has shown the most pronounced reduction in their mental health and wellbeing, with an increase in the number reporting high and very high symptoms of psychological distress.
This has been exacerbated by the disruptions to work and daily life brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Australian Bureau of Statistics data shows in 2020-2021, the increase in psychological distress was most dramatic for young adults, aged 18 to 34 years.
Mortality Data On Deaths By Suicide
To date, these changes have not been reflected in the rates of suicide within Australia. While the impact of the pandemic on Australia’s suicide rate is expected to take some time to assess once more data is available, initial trends from the early months have found no increase in suicidality.
- Mental health symptoms reported by Australian workers have gradually increased over the last decade, particularly among younger workers aged under 25.
- The COVID-19 pandemic appears to have accelerated this trend among young people who have reported a steep increase in mental health symptoms in the past year.
- Mental health-related workers’ compensation claims are taking longer for recovery and are more complex.